And We Wonder Why Sexual Assault is an Unreported Epidemic

Men, women and children united together and marched against sexual assault during the Take Back the Night march on Kadena Air Base, Japan, May 1, 2015. The Take Back the Night event is held annually on Kadena Air Base to raise awareness around the installation about sexual assault. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Omari Bernard)

Two stories from the Montana press this week make it clear why survivors of sexual assault might be disinclined to report their attacks to law enforcement. They will not only be subjected to intense scrutiny, potential public shame, and disbelief from the legal system designed to protect them, all at a time of potentially severe emotional distress, but have to endure the possibility that their attackers will receive minimal sentences even after a determination of guilt has been made.

From the Bozeman Chronicle:

A Belgrade man who admitted to raping two women he knew was sentenced Monday to three months in jail followed by probation.

It’s even worse. His defense attorney requested a deferred sentence, because, at thirty, the “youthful” offender deserved an opportunity “to show your honor what kind of man he is,” and claimed that he had been accountable the entire time. One of Mr. Graveley’s supporters in court demonstrated that sense of total accountability, telling the judge that “From what I know about the case, I don’t feel like this was a full-on rape.”

That a person in 2016 could believe that some cases of sexual assault are “full-on” and some are apparently not makes a compelling case for instructive sentencing that sends an unambiguous message about consent and assault.

From the Missoulian today:

Vayeeleng Moua, a former Missoula County Youth Court officer, won’t spend a day in prison for sexually assaulting a 13-year-old girl. At the end of a hearing on Thursday, District Court Judge James Manley of Lake County gave the convicted child molester a six-year deferral of sentence for felony sexual assault of a minor, lower than the mandatory minimum for that crime.

In this case, the judge decided that it was enough punishment for Moua to face the shame of what he had done:

Manley said the shame Moua brought onto his family and his Hmong culture, as well as the loss of his career, was punishment for his crime. “Nothing I do to punish Mr. Moua will be as much as he will punish himself,” he said.

The judge made this determination even though three relatives of the young woman who brought the charges against Moua testified that he had had inappropriate contact with them and deserved jail time for the damage he had done to the thirteen-year-old girl.

During the sentencing, local Missoula defender of accused rapists Dr. William Stratford testified that Mr. Moua was a great guy and intimated that the other women were lying:

Forensic psychiatrist and Moua family friend Dr. William Stratford said before the conviction, there was “not a better citizen in this town” than Moua. When asked by Olson what he thought of the other women who had come forward saying Moua had had inappropriate contact with them in the past, Stratford said it didn’t effect (sic) his opinion, adding that “allegation can be fact or fantasy.”

That Dr. Stratford was the same person who determined that the accuser in the Jordan Johnson case was not suffering from PTSD, despite never having examined her, seems not to have affected the judge’s perception of his testimony in this case.

I’m a Tolstoyan when it comes to justice, and believe that much of what we do when we incarcerate people is damaging to individuals and society, but some crimes deserve serious punishment, if only to send a message that rape and culture that permit it cannot be tolerated. For two judges in two Montana cities to reach the same conclusion about sexual assault, that the perpetrators have suffered enough, in the same week sends a dangerous message that will discourage sexual assault survivors from coming forward. As state prosecutor Ole Olson said in the Missoula case:

without some type of incarceration, he would have a hard time telling victims of similar crimes that it was worth the pain of going through a court case if the end result was a person not being put behind bars.

In a state that regularly imprisons people for drug possession and even small-scale thefts, how can we permit sexual violence to remain unpunished? It’s an epidemic in our communities and a blight on our legal system that seems unwilling or unable to see how serious the problem is.

If you appreciate an independent voice holding Montana politicians accountable and informing voters, and you can throw a few dollars a month our way, we would certainly appreciate it.

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About the author

Don Pogreba

Don Pogreba has been writing about Montana politics since 2005 and teaching high school English since 2000. He's a former debate coach, and loyal, if often sad, fan of the San Diego Padres and Portland Timbers. He spends far too many hours of his life working at school and on his small business, Big Sky Debate.
His work has appeared in Politico and Rewire.
In the past few years, travel has become a priority, whether it's a road trip to some little town in Montana or a museum of culture in Ísafjörður, Iceland.


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  • What is happening here? Our society has been dragged back in time without protest and with malice to the 19 the century! No punishment for rapists, effectively banning abortion, Trump a presidential candidate, its surreal and I was hoping it is all just a horrible dream that lingered after morning coffee.

    • Bob, you obviously do not have any children to so easily pass blame. Who ever appointed Judge Manley is irrelevant to the facts surrounding this disappointing situation.

      • Thanks for the feedback. I do have children, actually (unlike the author of this blog post). There’s plenty of outrage to go around, and while it’s rightly focused on the judge, it’s perfectly fair to inquire about the vetting process that put him on the bench.

  • Moua was convicted of his crime because of prosecutorial misconduct. The allegations were lies and the truth are in the details of the case as the lawyer’s game prevented the truth to come out; the prosecution manipulated the case along with the complaining party; and the prosecution used the political atmosphere of sexual assault to charge moua of crimes that never happened. The behind the scene acts done by the lawyers is what is not told to prove moua’s innocent as America’s court system is nothing but fabrication, manipulations, and lies to deceive people.
    The lawyers game is nothing but a business of fraud as crime in America is fabricated through the culture, media, and the system for their job security. The constant in America’s history is corruption in the system. That is why to this day, there is still abuse of power by officers of the court to society’s bullying behavior onto people of color and lower social status.

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