On Wednesday, the House Education Committee will hear HB 315, a proposal to establish public charter schools in Montana. The bill is an ill-advised. ALEC-funded attempt to undermine Montana’s excellent system of public education—and should be rejected.
I came to the charter school debate from a different perspective than many of my colleagues, I suspect. I used to think they might offer a way to improve educational outcomes and shake up a system that can be too complacent. The research, however, simply doesn’t bear those claims out.
CHARTER SCHOOLS WILL COST MORE, DEPRIVE STUDENTS OF OPPORTUNITIES, AND FAIL TO DELIVER THE RESULTS ADVOCATES CLAIM
The best reason to reject the charter school movement is simple: it doesn’t work. Researchers at Stanford University conducted a thorough study of the nation’s charter schools and found that “students in charter schools not faring as well as students in traditional public schools.” Specifically, their research showed that
17 percent of charter schools reported academic gains that were significantly better than traditional public schools, while 37 percent of charter schools showed gains that were worse than their traditional public school counterparts, with 46 percent of charter schools demonstrating no significant difference.
A Mathematica study of 2,300 students across 15 states confirmed the Staford study, finding that “charter schools did not significantly affect most of the other outcomes examined, including attendance, student behavior, and survey-based measures of student effort in school.”
Despite claims of increased accountability, a study by proponents of charter schools found that few are ever closed for poor performance.
They even spend more money on administration than traditional public schools.
Unfortunately, it’s not just that charter schools would be ineffective and waste money. The kind of unregulated charter school/school choice Montana Republicans are pursuing would be a disaster for Montana students.
UNREGULATED CORPORATE FREE-FOR-ALL
Perhaps most troublingly, private companies are likely to put profits ahead of actually educating children. In Michigan, 80% of charter schools are run by for-profit corporations and the experience of Florida demonstrates what that can mean for students. The Miami Herald reports:
By design, charter schools are unshackled from many of the bureaucratic rules of traditional public schools….
While this freewheeling system has minimized the oversight of school districts, it has given rise to a cottage industry of professional charter school management companies that — along with the landlords and developers who own and build schools — control the lion’s share of charter schools’ money.
At some financially weak schools, tight budgets have forced administrators to cut corners. The cash-strapped Balere Language Academy in South Miami Heights taught its seventh-grade students in a toolshed, records show. The Academy of Arts and Minds in Coconut Grove went weeks without textbooks. Schools have also been accused of using illegal tactics to bring in more money—charging students illegal fees for standard classes, or faking attendance records to earn more tax dollars, court records show.”
DREADFUL ONLINE SCHOOLS
Even if private corporations won’t come to Montana, their terrible online schools certainly will. How about having your for-profit charter school conducted online with 60:1 student teacher ratios? The New York Times explored this model, exposing the very profitable K12Inc, which is “educating” 200,000 children nationwide. Unfortunately, that’s not working out too well for the states paying for this model or the students taking the classes:
Nearly 60 percent of its students are behind grade level in math. Nearly 50 percent trail in reading. A third do not graduate on time. And hundreds of children, from kindergartners to seniors, withdraw within months after they enroll.
ILLEGAL RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION
Another danger is that the kind of privatization Montana Republicans are calling for will lead to direct religious instruction at taxpayer expense.
Talking Points Memo offered an instructive example of what kind of education Montanans might receive if they fall for this scheme in its discussion of the Shekinah Learning Institute, which took $17 million to educate “at-risk children,” but spending a great deal of money on religious instruction and church expenses.
That Jeff Laszloffy is behind the movement for privatized education in Montana should make it clear that we can expect that kind of instruction in Montana, too, if Hill’s plan comes to fruition. Taxpayer dollars simply should not be spent to promote a particular religion or teach that evolution didn’t happen. Mr. Laszloffy’s children can call themselves “valedictorians” of the Laszloffy School all they want; Montana taxpayers just shouldn’t have to pay for the damage that’s being done.
ENGINES OF SEGREGATION
Even when charter schools seem successful, the results are often illusory. How can a school or corporation inflate the academic results of their students? With a good old-fashioned combination of segregation, exclusion of students with disabilities, and misreporting data.
Professor Myron Orfield says that “ charters are an engine of racial segregation. They are more segregated than public schools and cause public schools to be more segregated than they otherwise would be,” and the available data support his claim.
Charter schools also have fewer students with disabilities, which is one of the ways they can do the most damage to public schools. Students with disabilities require greater resources, and if charter schools are allowed to restrict their admittance, pressure will increase on public schools.
Charter schools are more likely to being involved in dishonest test scores,
CHARTER SCHOOLS Won’t WORK IN MONTANA
Even former proponents of school choice have acknowledged that the movement seems based far more on over-promising results than actually achieving results for students.
“If evidence mattered, they would tone down their rhetoric.” Harvard professor and iconic school-voucher proponent Paul Peterson has characterized the voucher movement as “stalled,” in part by the fact that many “new voucher schools were badly run, both fiscally and educationally,” and in part because results in Milwaukee were not “as startlingly positive as advocates originally hoped.” Likewise, Peterson argues, “the jury on charter schools is still out.”
As Frederick Hess notes, school choice programs probably do improve educational outcomes in urban neighborhoods blighted with terrible schools and decades of mismanagement. That’s simply not the reality in Montana, where despite Republican efforts to demonize teachers and public education, our students outperform the nation as a whole on every measure of educational outcomes, while spending less per student than many states.
There are certainly areas of improvement for Montana schools, but defunding them to pay for unaccredited, unaccountable institutions who are quite likely to put profitability and/or ideology ahead of education certainly isn’t a way to achieve better results.
It’s time for Montana Republicans to offer serious proposals for educational reform. Imagining that charter schools will solve the needs of Montana’s students requires ignoring the evidence about their efficacy and the unique conditions faced by Montana students.
Reject this bad bill.